According to developmental psychologist Jean Piaget, he suggests that the logic of children is completely different from that of adults. He believed that children move through four stages of development between infancy and adolescence.
The four stages incorporated in his theory are sensorimotor stage, preoperational stage, concrete operation stage and the formal operation stage. The domains associated with these stages are the child’s physical, social, intellectual, creative and emotions which influence the way the child thinks and talks.
Early childhood care and education were introduced to help parents better understand their children’s developmental skills; by this, we mean their motor and cognitive skills coherently. The programme aims at exploring the child’s learning and developmental capabilities, as well as it builds a stronger foundation of the skills that they possess.
This programme is vital as it allows the child to build and form new relationships with their peers and family members rather than be quiet and shy. Secondly, exposing the child to various stimulants encourages them to ask more questions for a better understanding of how the world works.
Apart from that, it is important for the child to be able to differentiate what is right and wrong, as these days there are increasing events of children being abused and neglected by adults. In most of these cases, the child is unable to speak up because of fear of their parents and their lack of education. Hence, this will help curb and reduce the incidence of child abuse in the country because the child will have moral and ethical values inculcated.
This level of education has been emphasized by the education authorities in many countries around the globe. Parents should be responsible to enroll the child for early childhood education so that the transition into primary school will be much easier for the child. The child will be able to cope better in school and they will be able to do well in their exams. This, in turn, will improve the socio-economic development of the country.
In a nutshell, early childhood education and care are necessary for the improvement of the child in every way. Apart from the preschool teachers, parents should be involved in their child’s development in order to create a conducive environment for the child and improve the understanding between the parent and child.